How to Overcome Gambling Disorders
Gambling involves wagering something of value on a random event with the hope of winning something else of value. It can be as simple as placing a bet on a football game, or as complex as devising and carrying out a strategy for playing a casino game such as blackjack. Whatever the game, there are three elements that are essential to gambling: consideration, risk and prize.
In general, people consider gambling to be a fun way to pass the time, but it can become dangerous when it becomes an addiction. A person with a gambling disorder may experience psychological, social and financial problems. These issues can also affect family members and employers. Fortunately, there are ways to overcome gambling disorders.
A number of different types of psychotherapy can help individuals struggling with gambling addiction. One type, called psychodynamic therapy, examines unconscious processes that influence behavior. This can increase a person’s self-awareness, and enable them to recognize when their behaviors are unhealthy or harmful. Another type of psychotherapy is group therapy, which helps people learn from others’ experiences and feelings. This type of therapy can also provide a sense of moral support and motivation to quit gambling.
Many people with gambling disorders try to hide their problem from friends and family members, and lie about how much money they’ve lost. However, ignoring the issue can have serious consequences for the gambler and their loved ones. For example, the gambler may be unable to manage their finances, or they might borrow money from loved ones to fund their gambling habit. This can create tension in relationships, and it can even lead to estrangement and bankruptcy.
Longitudinal studies are essential for understanding the socioeconomic impacts of gambling, but there are several barriers to conducting such research. These include the massive funding required for a multiyear commitment, the difficulty of maintaining a research team over such a long period, and the problems of sample attrition. Furthermore, longitudinal data can confound aging and period effects.
The psychiatric community has traditionally viewed pathological gambling as a compulsion rather than an addiction, and it has been included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) under the impulse-control disorders category alongside kleptomania, pyromania and trichotillomania (hair-pulling). In recent years, the psychiatric community has recognized that gambling is an addictive behavior, and it was moved to the substance use disorder section of the DSM.
Like other addictive behaviors, gambling sends massive surges of dopamine through the brain. This chemical motivates us to seek pleasure, but it can cause us to seek that pleasure through unhealthy behaviors such as gambling. Over time, this can alter your brain chemistry and make you less sensitive to the pleasure you get from healthy behaviors such as spending time with loved ones and eating nutritious foods.
Gambling has benefits and costs for individuals, families, communities and society as a whole. Benefits can be classified as financial, labor and health, and well-being. Financial benefits can be measured in terms of gambling revenues and tourism, impacts on other industries, and changes in infrastructure cost or value.